By Sharleen Gale, June 17, 2019
The key to continued First Nation success will not be found in changes or advancements to government programs and services. Instead, it’s rooted in the willingness and leadership of governments and the private sector to support a new era of Indigenous business leadership.
We must ask ourselves what is preventing First Nations from actively participating in the mainstream of Canada’s economy. The answer is access to capital. However, this narrative is slowly starting to change. This is good news.
One of the most promising recent developments is the Alberta government’s commitment to creating the Indigenous Opportunities Corporation that would administer loan guarantees to First Nations wishing to participate as owners in Alberta’s resource development. Equally promising was the government’s choice of words in its Throne Speech to announce the initiative as part of a “moral obligation” to ensure Alberta’s Indigenous people can participate in the economic mainstream of the province.
Other governments should take note of Alberta’s bold leadership.
Fortunately, Indigenous-led organizations are out there helping ensure First Nation communities can boldly enter the modern economy. A good example is the First Nations Major Projects Coalition, which established a centre of excellence where member First Nations can access independent financial and environmental technical advice free of charge in order to arrive at informed business decisions. Today, the Coalition represents over 55 members in five provinces and in one territory.
The Coalition’s work involves advancing opportunities for First Nation co-ownership and management of a variety of major infrastructure projects including hydroelectric development, electricity transmission, and oil and gas pipelines. It has also guided the development of an environmental framework and major project assessment standards grounded in Indigenous traditional knowledge and values, which are often overlooked at the project development table.
In 2013, the First Nations Financial Management Board — an independent First Nations institution that provides certification to support First Nation borrowing — commissioned a report detailing First Nations equity participation in a LNG project in north-central British Columbia. That report determined that if First Nations took a 30% equity interest in the gas plant, pipeline, and liquefaction terminal, over the lifetime of the project and after debt servicing, the project would return approximately $5.5 billion in revenue to participating First Nations.
Governments and project proponents must embrace First Nation participation as partners in the development of wealth occurring within their traditional territories. The sale of equity by TC Energy in Coastal Gas Link project, the ongoing need to redevelop BC’s northern electricity transmission corridors, and the pending decision on the Trans Mountain Pipeline all underscore the need for First Nations to have access to the tools that inform business decisions. This again includes removing barriers to First Nation access to capital.
Enabling First Nations to take their place in the Canadian economic mainstream benefits everyone. For Indigenous people, it means the world. It will also allow them the ability to provide safe housing, safe drinking water, world-class education, and help fund efforts to preserve endangered Indigenous languages and cultures that help underpin their very existence as Indigenous people. Organizations like the Coalition have given these issues a voice and have enabled First Nations to work together in a coordinated way.
It is clear governments and the private sector need to help First Nations facilitate their own success by providing them with the tools that all businesses have. As we enter a federal election season, let’s hope all the parties are listening and help provide these communities with those tools.
Sharleen Gale is a senior fellow with the Macdonald-Laurier Institute, chair of the First Nations Major Projects Coalition and a councillor with Fort Nelson First Nation.